National Parks and┬áTrusts
The National Trust looks after 350 sites throughout the UK, some of which are historical buildings and some of which are landscapes. They take care of the environment within these sites, restoring and repairing, cultivating and protecting. Their duties include caring for landscaped gardens, repairing stone walls, ensuring good practice in recreational fishing and reclaiming woodland. Among their protected areas there are hills such as Mam Tor in Derbyshire, woodland such as Hatfield Forest, estuaries such as Blakeney Harbour in Norfolk and beaches like Formby in Liverpool.
The UK has 46 Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty which encompass around 18% of the countryside. These areas are protected because of their distinctive character and national importance. The largest of these areas is the Cotswolds which is important because of its rare limestone grassland habitat, rich flora and ancient beechwoods. The area is also home to several species of plant that are incredibly rare. The region covers 790 square miles and ranges over the counties of Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, Worcestershire, Oxfordshire and Warwickshire. Beautiful towns and cities within the area and on its edges such as Stratford upon Avon add to its beauty with their ancient architecture, stunning landscapes and historical backgrounds. As in Madagascar, tourists are drawn to these beautiful natural areas and they contribute to the local economy as well as protecting nature.
The landscape of the Cotswolds encompasses rolling grasslands, farms, deep valleys and country parks. A substantial proportion of the region is woodland (around 20,657 hectares) of which 65% is broadleaved woodland, 15% coniferous and 13% mixed woodland. Ash and beech are the predominant species and ancient beech woods appear in the sharp valleys, a prominent feature of the Cotswolds. Some of these are protected by the Cotswold Commons and Beechwoods National Nature Reserve and the Cotswold Beechwoods Special Area of Conservation. These areas are home to many plants including the rare stinking hellebore and fingered sedge. The rare wildlife here include scarcely found spiders and snails as well as the white-letter hairstreak butterfly.
Part of caring for these beautiful and protected areas involves hiring tree surgeons to take care of the tree species that grow naturally. Their role is ensuring that these trees are healthy and in good condition as well as protecting the environment during their upkeep. Tree surgeons will ensure that trimming is carried out in the most suitable way for the tree so that it can heal correctly and produce more fruit while taking care that any felling or pruning is safe.
As well as National Parks and the National Trust, there are other organisations dedicated to protection of wildlife and habitats in the UK. The Wildlife Trusts, The Woodland Trust and Natural England are just some of the bodies that aim to preserve our environment for future generations. With all these organisations working in tandem with government policy hopefully sustainability of our natural environment, animal habitats and biodiversity will be preserved and extended.